Malcolm Gladwell wrote his third bestselling book ‘Outliers’ in which he presented his thoughtful examination on the reason behind successful people. He states that these ‘outliers’ are not successful because of the common phenomena that most successful people are self made. They are successful because of the cultural environment and opportunities that were not available to others and that’s why those opportunities transformed them into a successful person.
Gladwell wrote about a small town of Roesto, which was known for their low rate of heart disease. According to a report, the reason behind lower heart disease is their cultural environment and not because of their genes or diet. He presented his theory that the best hockey players are those who were born in between January to March. The reason behind is that the cutoff date for team selection is 1st January which means that boys who born early in the year are elder than those who born later in the year. Being elder player means that they will have more experience than other players and that combination of age and experience was the main reason behind their success.
Bill Gates, great programmer & a business man, is known for his success; according to the author he is successful because of the opportunities that were available to him. During his middle school days he has access to a computer terminal which gave him an enormous amount of experience in programming and same is the case with Bill Joy who created programming language Java and Beatles who worked day and night in a nightclub before he got his success.
According to the author, personalities depend on the surrounding culture for instance, In Southern states of US, people have anger controlling issues and people who grew far away from that area got same anger issues. In short culture has a strong influence in forming human personalities.
He further argues that according to the various facts and figures the main reason behind plane crashes is that when co- pilot did not challenge bad decisions because of his cultural upbringing. Accidents occur because they belonged to that culture where it is not common to take strong decisions and that is why in most of the cases they did not challenge their senior’s decision.
Japanese language has strong structure of numbers and that is why they are good in mathematics. Children who belong to a poor family will perform worse in school as compare to wealthier kids because they will get less time to study at home.
A successful person takes advantage of his cultural traits and legacy. He uses his culture environment to polish his intelligence and skill that is why Asians work hard because they have a culture of farming the rice. Intense work in the fields makes them more hardworking which they later apply in their studies.
Gladwell concluded with an epilogue in which he presented various experiences that showed how cultural traits, environment and opportunities transform behavioral traits. He explains that In Jamaica, those cultural legacies helped his mother and grandfather to succeed.